UGC’S REGULATIONS TO CURB THE MENACE OF RAGGING

Clauses 3, 7 and 9.1 of the UGC Regulations on curbing the menace of ragging in Higher Education Institutions 2009

Clauses 3, 7 and 9.1 of the UGC Regulations on curbing the menace of Ragging in Higher Education Institutions 2009, issued vide No. F/1-16/2009 (CPP-II) dated September 2009 published in the Gazette of India New Delhi July 4,2009 (Asadha 13, 1991) in its part 111- Sec 4 at pages 4027, 4040-41 and 4044-45 respectively are reiterated as below :

Clause -3 :
What Constitutes Ragging : Ragging constitutes one or more of any of the following acts:

a. any conduct by any student or students whether by words spoken or written or by an act which has the effect of testing, treating or handling with rudeness a fresher or any other student;
b. Indulging in rowdy or indisciplined activities by any student or students which causes or is likely to cause annoyance, hardship, physical or psychological harm or to raise fear or apprehension thereof in any fresher or any other student;
c. asking any student to do any act which such student will not in the ordinary course do and which has the effect of causing or generating a sense of shame, or torment or embarrassment so as to adversely affect the physique or psyche of such fresher or any other student;
d. any act by a senior student that prevents, disrupts or disturbs the regular academic activity of any other student or a fresher;
e. exploiting the services of a fresher or any other student for completing the academic tasks assigned to an individual or a group of students.
f.  any act of financial extortion or forceful expenditures burden put on a fresher or any other student by students;
g. any act of physical abuse including all variants of its: sexual abuse, homosexual assaults, stripping, forcing obscene and lewd acts, gestures, causing bodily harm or any other danger to health or person;
h. any act of abuse by spoken words, emails, post public insults which would also include deriving perverted pleasure, vicarious or sadistic thrill from actively or passively participating in the discomfiture to fresher or any other students;
i.  any act that affects the mental health and self-confidence of a fresher or any other student with or without an intent to derive a sadistic pleasure or showing off power, authority or superiority by a student over any fresher or any other student.

Clause - 7 :
Action to be taken by Head of the Institution : On receipt of the recommendation of the Anti Ragging Squad or on receipt of any information concerning any reported incident of ragging, the Head of institution shall immediately determine if a case under the penal laws is made out and if so, either on his own or through a member of the Anti Ragging Committee authorized by him in this behalf, proceed to file a First Information Report (FIR), within twenty four hours of receipt of such information or recommendation, with the police and local authorities under the appropriate penal provisions relating to the one or more of the following, namely;

i.Abetment to ragging;
ii.Criminal conspiracy to rag;
iii.Unlawful assembly and rioting while ragging
iv.Public nuisance created during ragging;
v. Violation of decency and morals through ragging;
vi. Injury to body, causing hurt or grievous hurt;
vii. Wrongful restraint;
viii. Wrongful confinement;
ix. Use of criminal force;
x. Assault as well as sexual offences or unnatural offences;
xi. Extortion;
xii. Criminal trespass;
xiii. Offences against property;
xiv. Criminal intimidation;
xv. Attempts to commit any or all of the above mentioned offences against the victim(s);
xvi. Threat to commit any or all of the above mentioned offences against the victim(s);
xvii. Physical or psychological humiliation;
xviii. All other offences following from the definition of "Ragging".

Provided that the Head of the institution shall forthwith report the occurrence of the incident of ragging to the District Level Anti-Ragging Committee and the Nodal officer of the affiliating University, if the institution is an affiliated institution.
Provided further that the institution shall also continue with its own enquiry initiated under clause 9 of these Regulations and other measures without waiting for action on the part of the police/local authorities and such remedial action shall be initiated and completed immediately and in no case later than a period of seven days of the reported occurrence of the incident of ragging.

Clause 9.1 :
Administrative action in the event of ragging-

9.1. The institution shall punish a student found guilty of ragging after following the procedure and in the manner prescribed hereunder:
a. The Anti-Ragging Committee of the institutions shall take an appropriate decision, in regard to punishment or otherwise, depending on the facts of each incident of ragging and nature and gravity of the incident of ragging established in the recommendation of the Anti-Ragging Squad.
b. The Anti-Ragging Committee may, depending on the nature and gravity of the guild established by the Anti-Ragging Squad, award, to those found guilty, one or more of the following punishments, namely;

  i. Suspension from attending classes and academic privileges
  ii. Withholding/ withdrawing scholarship / fellowship and other benefits
iii. Debarring from appearing in any test / examination or other evaluation process.
  iv. Withholding results.
  v. Debarring from representing the institution in any regional, national or international meet, tournament, youth festival, etc.
vi. Suspension expulsion from the hostel.
vii. Cancellation of admission.
viii. Rustication from the institution for period ranging from one to four semesters.
ix.Expulsion from the institution and consequent debarring from admission to any other institution for a specified period.
Provided that where the persons committing or abetting the act of ragging are not identified, the institution shall resort to collective punishment.

c. An appeal against the order of punishment by the Anti-Ragging Committee shall lie,
i.In case of an order of an institution, affiliated to or constituent part, of a University, to the Vice-Chancellor of the University.
ii. In case of an order of a University, to its Chancellor.
iii. In case of an institution of national importance created by an Act of Parliament, to the  Chairman or Chancellor of the institution, as the case may be.


SUMMARY OF THE JUDGMENT OF THE HON. SUPREME COURT
DELIVERED ON THE 8th MAY, 2009

1. The Hon, Supreme court ordered that a number of recommendations made by the Raghavan Committee be implemented immediately, These included
-  Confidence building measures such as appointment of counsellors, arrival of senior students a week or two weeks after the Juniors have arrived; joint sensitization programmes; joint orientation programme of  'freshers' and 'seniors' to be addressed by the principal/Head of the institution; organization on large scale of cultural, sports and other activities; make provisions for faculty members to dine with the hostel residents in their respective hostels etc,
-  Every institution must have an Anti-Ragging Committee and an Anti-Ragging Squad. There should be a Monitoring Cell on Ragging at the University Level that would coordinate with the affiliated colleges and institutions under its domain. There should be a Monitoring Cell at the level of the Chancellor of the State Universities.
-  In the light of the increasing number of private commercially managed, lodges or hostels outside campuses, such hostels and management must be registered with the local police authorities and permission to start such hostels or register them must necessarily be recommended by the Heads of educational institutions. It should be mandatory for both local police, local administration as well the institutional authorities to ensure vigil on incidents that may come within the definition of ragging.
-  Wardens must be accessible at all hours and therefore it is important that they, be available on telephone and other modes of communication. Similarly, the telephone numbers of the other important functionaries -Heads of institutions, faculty members, members of the anti-ragging committees, district and sub-divisional authorities and state authorities where relevant, should also be widely disseminated for the needy to get in touch or seek help in emergencies.
-  Brochures or booklet/leaflet distributed to each student at the beginning of each academic session for obtaining undertaking not to indulge or abet ragging, shall contain the blueprint of prevention and methods of redress.
-  The educational institutions shall ensure that each hostel should have a full-time warden who resides within the hostel, or at the very least, in the close vicinity thereof.
2. The Hon. Supreme Court acknowledged that The Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India, in consultation with UGC, MCI, AICTE and other similar regulatory bodies was in the process of setting up a central crisis-hotline and anti-ragging database in the manner suggested by Dr. Raj Kachroo. The Hon. Court, however, added that
- The task of monitoring the database be given to a nongovernmental agency, to be immediately nominated by the Union of India to build confidence in the public and also to provide information of non compliance to the regulatory bodies and to the Raghavan Committee.
- The database shall be created out of affidavits affirmed by each student and his/her parents/guardians, which affidavits shall be stored electronically, and shall contain the details of each student.
- The database shall also function as a record of ragging complaints received, and the status of the action taken thereon.
3. The Hon. Supreme Court ordered that Regulations on Curbing the Menace of Ragging, formulated by the UGC, must be adopted by all other regulatory bodies, such as AICTE, MCI, DCI, NCI etc.;
4. The Hon. Supreme Court acknowledged that the incident involving the death of AmanKachroo clearly indicated that the formulation of guidelines and regulations was not sufficient. Hence, the Hon. Court ordered that such regulations shall have to be enforced strictly, and penal consequences for the heads of the institutions/administration of the institution who do not take timely steps in the prevention of ragging and punishing those who rag. In addition to penal consequences, departmental enquiries be initiated against such heads institutions / members of the administration / faculty members / non-teaching staff: who display an apathetic or insensitive attitude towards complaints of ragging;
5. The Hon. Supreme Court said that not only the students, but also the faculty must be sensitized towards the ills of ragging, and the prevention thereof Non-teaching staff: which includes administrative staff, contract employees, security guards etc., have also to be regularly sensitized towards the evils and consequences of ragging;

6. The Hon. Supreme Court ordered that the Principal or Head of the Institution/Department shall obtain an undertaking from every employee of the institution including teaching and non-teaching members of staff contract labour employed in the premises either for running canteen or as watch and ward staff or for cleaning or maintenance of the buildings/lawns etc. that he/she would report promptly any case of ragging which comes to his/her notice. A provision shall be made in the service rules for issuing certificates of appreciation to such members of the staff who report ragging which will form port of their service record.
7. The Hon. Supreme Court said that it was necessary that parents/guardians of freshers assume responsibility for promptly bringing to the notice of the Head of the Institution any instance of ragging.
8. The Hon. Supreme Court said that the SHO/SP, within whose jurisdiction a particular college falls, shall be responsible for ensuring that no ragging takes place on the campus of the concerned college, and to effectively deal with incidents of ragging, should, any such incidents take place. Once a central database/crisis hotline is made operative then as soon as SHO /SP, within whose jurisdiction a particular college falls, is contacted by the crisis hotline staf£ then such SHO/SP shall deal effectively with the incident and cooperate and communicate with the crisis hotline staff and/ or the independent monitoring agency. This will build confidence and encourage people to report incidences of ragging without fear or delay;
9. The Hon. Supreme court said that once the database/crisis hotline is operative, State Governments shall amend their anti-ragging statutes to include provisions that place penal consequences on institutional heads.
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